Home is where the heart is. It’s also the source of headaches whenever there’s an issue with its structure. Here are some of the most common roofing issues, and what you can do about them.

1. Leaks. While having leaking water is troublesome in itself, this specific problem can easily develop into much bigger issues, such as mold, structural damage, and short circuits.

To pinpoint the exact location of the leak, inspect all of the walls in your home. Specifically, look out for water stains, bubbled paint, or bulges on your walls, as well as sounds of dripping water. If you have an attic, inspect it as well. Bring a flashlight and look for mold spots and/or damaged insulation. If you can’t find any signs of leakage up there, enlist the help of a friend or family member to stay in the attic, holding the flashlight, while you go up to the roof with a hose to slowly pour water over the suspected areas. That way, the person who stays inside will see exactly where the water is coming in.

2. Standing Water. Standing water is another troublesome situation that should be addressed as soon as possible. If water doesn’t drain naturally from your roof, it adds extra weight. Let it rain enough, and the pressure will cause the roof to start sagging, creating deeper pockets of water, which means more pooled water, therefore, more weight… Do you see the cycle? On a best-case scenario, you get leaks inside your home. On a worst-case event, your roof could collapse.

If you’re dealing with pooled water, make sure gutters are thoroughly clean and cleared of debris. You can also install sloping materials to help the water run towards the gutters or edge of the roof.

3. Flashings. Roof flashings are impenetrable materials that are used in joints within your roof to serve as barriers to water. They’re typically placed where the wall and roof intersects, or around skylights, vents, or chimneys. They are typically made out of metal, rubber, or plastic.

The good news is that if your home’s flashings are in rough shape, they’re a relatively easy fix (which certainly beats having to replace the entire roof). However, due to the dangerous nature of the project (getting on top of your house), we do not recommend doing this yourself. Always call professional roofers to help you with this.

4. Weathering. Your roof is constantly exposed to the elements: Harsh sunlight, morning condensation, wind gusts, and thunderstorms. In addition to aging, if you don’t provide your home’s roof with regular maintenance, it could affect your house’s structural longevity.

Signs that your roof needs to be weather-proofed include fallen, discolored, and crumbled shingles that you will often find in blocking your gutters. Fortunately, there are things you can do to weatherproof your roof, such as inserting a water-repellent layer under the shingles, reinforcing the bond between the roof and walls, upgrading attic insulation, and scheduling roof maintenance on a twice a year basis.

5. Mold. Humidity plays a big factor in mold growth. This is a problem for your roof because when left untreated, mold can significantly shorten the lifespan of the roof. In addition, it permeates a musty smell throughout your home and detrimentally affects the health of your family.

This type of issue could be prevented by cleaning the gutters regularly, trimming overhanging tree branches, and installing roofing material that’s resistant to mold spores and algae. And once again, regular maintenance is essential to spot mold before it becomes a bigger issue.

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